Today the world has become so connected and smart that everything is available on the click of a button or voice command. By which companies are using techniques to collect data. and by analyzing it, they are making the product, which is giving a great experience to user to become efficient, productive, and cost-effective. The technology which we are discussing and contributing to doing all these things is the Internet of things – IOT technology.
We will try to understand the Internet of things – IOT technology, through below points.
- INTRODUCTION TO IOT / ABOUT IOT
- IOT MEANING / INTERNET OF THINGS MEANING
- IOT DEFINATION
- WHAT IS INTERNET OF THINGS / WHAT IS IOT TECHNOLOGY
- HOW IOT WORKS / IOT EXAMPLES
- IOT APPLICATION / IOT PLATFORM
- IOT PROJECTS / IOT BASED PROJECTS
- INTERNET OF DEVICES
- IOT ARCHITECTURE / INTERNET OF THINGS LAYERS
- FUTURE OF IOT
- ADVANTAGES OF IOT
- IOT ECOSYSTEM
- INTERNET OF THINGS IN INDIA
- INTERNET OF THINGS SMART CITIES
INTRODUCTION TO IOT / ABOUT IOT
The Internet of Things or IOT is influencing our lifestyle from the way we react to the way we behave. From air conditioners that you can control with your smartphone to Smart Cars, providing the shortest route or your Smartwatch, which is tracking your daily activities.
IOT FULL FORM / IOT MEANING – INTERNET OF THINGS – IOT TECHNOLOGY
The full form of IOT is the Internet of Things. It is a system of computing devices that transfer data without human interaction.
IOT DEFINATION / DEFINATION OF INTERNET OF THINGS – IOT TECHNOLOGY
It is a network of interconnected devices, which can share and exchange data. With the help of it, machine/ human can decide to act in short any computing device that connects to the internet and transfers the data.
WHAT IS IOT / WHAT IS INTERNET OF THINGS – IOT TECHNOLOGY
IoT is a giant network with connected devices. Devices gather and share data about how it used and the environment in which it operated. It’s all done using sensors, which embedded in every physical device like mobile, electrical appliances, traffic lights, and almost everything that you come across in day-to-day life. These sensors continuously emit data about the working state of the devices.
The critical question is, how do they share this vast amount of data, And how do we put this data to our benefit. IOT provides a common platform for all these devices to dump their data. And a common language for all the tools to communicate with each other. Data emitted from various sensors and sent to iot platform security iot platform integrates the collected data from multiple sources.
Further analytics performed on the data and valuable information extracted as per requirement. Finally, the result shared with other devices for better user experience Automation and improving efficiencies.
HOW IOT WORKS / IOT EXAMPLES
To give you the glimpse of the IOT application and its working, Let’s understand how IOT is doing wonders.
In an AC manufacturing industry, both the machine and the Belt have sensors attached. It continuously sends data regarding the machine health, and the production specifics to the manufacturer to identify issues beforehand. It contains the product code, Bar code, manufacturer details, special instructions Etc.
We can use this data to identify whether the product distributed and can avoid the product running out of stock, and these products packed and parcel to different retailers. Each Retailer has a barcode reader to track the products coming from different manufacturers, manage inventory, check special instructions, and many more.
Consumer connected devices examples are – Smart TV, Wearable Watches, Smart Speakers, Smart Meters, Smart Appliances, Toys, etc.
IOT APPLICATION / IOT PLATFORM
We have smart appliances, smart cars, Smart Homes, Smart Cities, where iot is redefining our lifestyle and transforming the way we interact with Technologies.
The future of the iot industry is enormous, and According to Business Insider, 24 billion iot devices will be installed by 2020. And the survey predicts that iot Revenue will reach around three hundred and fifty-seven billion in 2019, resulting in a lot of job opportunities in the IT industry.
INTERNET OF THINGS PROJECTS / IOT BASED PROJECTS
- Temperature Monitoring System
- Smart Parking System
- Surveillance Camera
- Traffic Management System
- Cybersecurity Scanner
- Wireless Inventory Tracker
- Energy Management
INTERNET OF THINGS – DEVICES / IOT DEVICES
IOT devices are the hardware that transmit data over the internet. Just to give you few examples –
- Wearable and Smart Appliances
- Smart Speakers
- Smart Television
- Security System
There are four stage architecture, which can be explained in the following manner.
- Wireless sensors
- Sensor data to digital data conversion
- Processing of the data before moving to the data center
- Data Analysis and Stored
FUTURE OF IOT / IOT FUTURE
- Used in a Smart city to manage and handle it remotely.
- Useful for offices and homes to make it smart.
- Wireless networks like 5G networks will fuel growth.
- Cars will get smarter like driverless cars.
- Residence security will improve
ADVANTAGES OF IOT
- New Capabilities
- New Business opportunities
- Monitoring Improvement
- Control on Operation Processes
- Productivity Improvement
- Transparency due to data
The IOT ecosystem includes all the interdependent things that enable business-like, Entity, Network, dashboards, gateway, Data Analytics, Application, System Security & Data storage.
INTERNET OF THINGS IN INDIA
According to reports, India is showing the massive growth in IOT over the years; as a result, the IOT market is to grow from the current base of U.S $ 1.3 billion in 2016 to the U.S $ 9 billion in 2020. There is an enormous IOT business opportunity in sectors like Healthcare, Agriculture, Manufacturing, Retail, Building, Smart home, Cybersecurity, etc.
INTERNET OF THINGS SMART CITIES
Cities use Internet things devices such as censor, meters, lights, traffic systems, weather devices, pollution devices to gather and analyze the data. And later this data is use to improve infrastructure, public utilities, and services. The data collected to have insight from actionable information from real-time data.
Internet of things – IOT technology is becoming an integral part of all industries and helping to give never before experience to end-user and service providers. This technology is the future in technology and will make the impression on everyone’s life.